What is codeine?
Codeine is an opioid pain reliever that is used to treat moderate to severe pain, and also to reduce coughing. Codeine is available in tablets with just one ingredient and is also available in multi-ingredient products, which are combined with other pain-relieving medications as well as cold and influenza remedies.
- Codeine should not be used when you are suffering from serious breathing issues or a blockage of your stomach or intestines or a history of asthma attacks, or hyperventilation.
- Codeine may slow or stop breathing, cause severe sleepiness, and could become a habit-forming drug. A MISUSE OF THIS MEDICINE can cause addiction, overdose, or even death, particularly in children or any other patient who is taking the medicine without a prescription.
- Codeine is not recommended for consumption by anyone younger than 18 years of age.
- The use of codeine during pregnancy can cause withdrawal symptoms that could be life-threatening for the baby.
- Before taking this medication, you must consult your physician.
- It is not recommended to use this medication if sensitive to it, or if you suffer from:
- Respiratory problems or severe asthma;
- A blockage in the stomach or intestines of your body; or
- Frequently experiencing asthma attacks or hyperventilation.
- In certain people, it is known that codeine breaks down very quickly in the liver, and levels are greater levels than normal within the body. This can lead to an extremely slow breathing rate and could result in death, particularly for children.
- Do not give codeine to anyone less than 18 years old.
To ensure this medicine is suitable for you, inform your doctor if you’ve previously had:
- Liver disease;
- Breathing issues sleep apnea, breathing problems
- Asthma COPD and sleep apnea or any other breathing disorder
- An abnormal curvature of the spine which affects breathing
- Kidney disease
- Blood pressure is low
- Obstruction in the digestion tract (stomach or the intestines)
- An inflamed pancreas or gallbladder
- An underactive thyroid
- Addison’s Disease or another adrenal gland disorder
- Prostate enlargement, urinary problems or
- Mental illness, addiction to drugs, or alcohol dependence
Certain medications can interfere with codeine and create serotonin syndrome. Make sure that your doctor is aware that you also take stimulant medications, herbal supplements, or medicines to treat mental illness, depression such as Parkinson’s disease, migraine severe infections, headaches or to prevent vomiting and nausea. Talk to your doctor before making any changes to the way or how often you take your medications.
If you take this medication while expecting, your child could develop a dependence on the medication. This can cause dangerous withdrawal symptoms in the infant after it is born. Babies who become dependent on habit-forming medication might require medical attention for a few weeks.
Do not breastfeed when you are you are taking codeine. This medicine can enter the milk of your baby and cause breathing difficulties, drowsiness, or even death in the nursing infant.
What is the best way to take codeine?
Follow the exact dosage as recommended by your physician. Follow the instructions on the prescription label. Codeine can cause a slowing or stopping of breathing. Don’t use the medicine in greater quantities or for a longer duration than what is prescribed. Talk to your doctor if the medication appears to cease working to ease your discomfort.
Codeine could be addictive even in regular doses. Do not share this medication with a person you know, particularly one with a history of addiction or abuse. Misuse of NARCOTIC MEDICINE MAY ENGAGE ADDICTION or overdose, or even death, particularly in children or any other person who is using the drug without having a prescription. Giving away or selling codeine is a violation of the law.
Consume this medicine alone by mouth or with milk If it upsets your stomach.
Consume 6 to 8 full glasses of fluids daily to prevent constipation when you take this medication. Avoid using a softener for stool (laxative) without first consulting your physician.
Don’t stop taking codeine at a sudden time after prolonged use or you could experience painful withdrawal signs. Discuss with your doctor the best way to stop taking this medication.
Be aware of the medicine you are taking. Codeine is a substance of misuse and you must be aware of anyone taking the medication in a way that is not legal and without prescription.
Don’t store any empty bottles of opioids. One dose could cause the death of someone taking the medication in error or incorrectly. Consult your pharmacist to find a drug disposal program. If there’s no Take-back facility, you can mix the remaining medicine with coffee grounds or cat litter in a plastic bag that is sealed and put the bag into the garbage.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Since this medicine is prescribed to relieve pain, you’re unlikely to skip a dose. Avoid any missed doses when it’s almost time to take your next dose. Do not take additional medicine to make up for the missed dose.
How do I react if take too much?
Get medical attention immediately or contact for help at the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of codeine could be fatal, particularly for children or any patient who is taking the medication without a prescription. The overdose could cause extreme muscle weakness, clammy and cold complexion, pinpoint pupil’s extremely slow breathing, severe fatigue, or even the condition of coma.
What should you do?
Avoid drinking alcohol. Death or dangerous side effects could result.
Codeine can affect your thinking or reaction. Avoid operating machinery or driving until you are aware of the effects this medication can have on your thinking and reactions. The effects of drowsiness and dizziness could result in falls or other accidents.
Codeine side effects
Contact a medical professional immediately if you notice symptoms warning signs of an allergic reaction due to codeine.
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling of your lips, face tongue, throat, or face
Like other narcotic drugs that are prescribed, codeine may slow the rate of breathing. It is possible to die if your breathing becomes weak.
Someone who is caring for you must seek urgent medical treatment if you suffer from prolonged breathing, a slow heart rate, or blue-colored lips or if you find it difficult to get up.
Tell your physician if you go through:
- Sighing, noisy breathing, shallow breath, and sleeping that ceases;
- A slow heart rate or low pulse
- Hallucinations, confusion, agitation strange thoughts or behavior;
- Feelings of extreme sadness or joy;
- Seizure (convulsions);
- Issues with urination;
- Low levels of cortisol,
- Loss of appetite
- Worsening fatigue
Get medical attention immediately If you experience indications associated with serotonin syndrome, for example, hallucinations, agitation sweating or shivering, an increase in heart rate muscle stiffness and twitching, loss of coordination nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
The risk of serious side effects is more common in older people and people who are obese or malnourished.
Opioid medication used for long periods could alter the fertility (ability in having kids) of women or men. It isn’t known if the effects of opioids on fertility are permanent.
Common codeine side effects include:
- Getting dizzy or sleepy
- Nausea, vomiting, stomach pain
- Sweating or
- Minor itching or rash
Usual Adult Dose for Pain:
Initial dose: 15-60 mg orally every 4 hours, if needed
Maximum dose: 360 mg in 24 hours
Initial doses must be tailored in light of the intensity of pain, response to treatment, prior analgesic experiences, as well as the risk factors for addiction, misuse, and abuse.
Doses that exceed 60 mg haven’t been demonstrated to provide relief from pain and can be associated with an increased risk of adverse reactions.
Due to the risk of abuse, addiction, or misuse least dose that is effective for the shortest period that is in line with the individual treatment goals of each patient is recommended.
Use: To manage the symptoms of moderate to mild pain in which treatment with opioids is recommended and other treatments are ineffective.
What other drugs can alter the effects of codeine?
There is a possibility of breathing issues or withdrawal symptoms if discontinue or change the dosage of various other medications. Talk to your doctor if are also taking an antibiotic, antifungal medicine as well as blood pressure or heart medications, seizure medication, or medicine for treating HIV or Hepatitis C.
Opioid medicine can interact with various other medications and can cause deadly side effects or even death. Check with your physician that you also take:
- Medicine for allergies or colds such as bronchodilator asthma/COPD medicine or a diuretic (“water pill”)
- Medicine to treat motion sickness or irritable bowel syndrome or bladder overactive;
- Other narcotic medicines such as opioid pain medicine or prescribed cough medicines;
- A sedative that is similar to Valium – diazepam alprazolam, lorazepam, Xanax, Klonopin, Versed and more
- Substances that induce sleep or reduce your breathing rate such as a sleeping pill, muscle relaxer, medication to treat mental illnesses or
- Serotonin-related drugs can alter the levels in your body – a stimulant or medication for Parkinson’s disease, depression migraine headaches, serious illnesses, nausea, or vomiting
This list is not comprehensive. Other medications may interfere with codeine, for example, medications that are prescribed and available over the counter such as vitamins, and herbal products. The interactions of all potential types are not included in this medication guide.
Why is it illegal to buy Codeine without Prescription?
Online pharmacies often sell fake, illegal, or other harmful medications that do not adhere to the same guidelines as licensed pharmacies. When you exercise caution when buying medicines online, you will protect yourself or your entire family. Some pharmacies provide accessibility, privacy as well as lower prices, and security when purchasing drugs. They also operate legally.
How to buy Codeine Online without a Prescription Even when it’s Illegal?
A lot of rogue online pharmacies use fictional “storefronts” to resemble legitimate pharmacies or to create the appearance that the products they sell originate from safe jurisdictions that follow adequate safety standards. But, the medications that they sell could be produced in any country without concerns about security. There are differences among websites. It is the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns about many dubious websites that claim that they sell prescription drugs with huge discounts, often without a prescription.